Mauritius Island

MAURITIUS Island

  • Moris in Mauritian Creole
  • Mauritius in English

The Republic of Mauritius is located in the south-west of the Indian Ocean, in the heart of the Mascarene Archipelago, (also called “Vanilla Islands”) between Reunion in the west, and Rodrigues in the east.

 

The capital of the Republic of Mauritius is Port Louis, located in the northwest of the island.

 

The Mauritian flag is composed of four colors, with various interpretations:

  • Red is the color of the blood shed by slaves during the time of colonization or that of flamboyant and sunsets;
  • Blue: represents the color of the sky and the ocean;
  • Yellow represents the sun of the unit and the sand of the dreamed beaches;
  • Green represents the lush nature, including the sugar cane fields that cover Mauritius.

POPULATION:

The population is approximately 1.2 million and comprises several communities. The majority of Mauritians are mixed with Indian (66%) or Creole (28%) origins.

RELIGIONS:

There is no main religion given the diversity of the population

LANGUAGES:

Creole Mauritian, French, English

GEOGRAPHY:

The formation of the island goes back 7 to 15 million years. The island is a volcanic origin and we can observe the traces of the great caldera at the origin of its creation. Mauritius covers an area of 2,040 km². It measures in its largest dimensions 65 km long and 45 km wide.

 

FIGURES

  • GDP per capita: about US $ 9,300 (2013)
  • Sovereign Rating by Moody: Baa1 (2013)
  • Population: approximately 1.3 million inhabitants
  • Political system: Parliamentary democracy, general elections every 5 years
  • Official language: English and French
  • Legal system: system combining English law and French civil law)
  • GDP growth: 3.7% (2017 estimate)
  • Unemployment: 7.61% (2018 estimate)
  • Inflation: 4.2% (2017 estimation)